Risk factors of rickets in children

29.04.2024 15:08
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Risk factors of rickets in children

Rickets is a disease that occurs in young children and is caused by disturbances in the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the body. The first years of a baby's life pass quickly. For proper bone growth, vitamin D controls the body's absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the gut, reaching bones and other tissues. Rickets develops due to lack of vitamin D. Vitamin D comes in small amounts from food, most of it is synthesized in the skin under the influence of sunlight.

Symptoms:

  • child sleep disorder;
  • profuse sweating while sucking;
  • fear of sound and light;
  • skin rashes;
  • hair loss on the back of the head;
  • capriciousness, restlessness.

Complications:

Softening of bones, relaxation of muscles and joints, weakening of immunity, anemia are observed. The child struggles to keep his head and body upright, his tongue grows slowly. Teething is delayed. He often gets a cold.

If not treated in time, as the child grows, the chances of crooked bones increase. Bending of the spine, downward bending of the chest, bending of the legs in the form of "X" or "O", flat feet appear. Incorrect development of internal organs, mental retardation may occur.

Prevention:

During pregnancy

It is possible to walk in the fresh air for at least 2 hours a day, and take calcium supplements as prescribed by a doctor. In winter, it is necessary to eat vitamin-rich products and drink additional vitamin D.

After giving birth

The child should be nursed exclusively with mother's milk as much as possible up to six months. During breastfeeding, the mother should consume vitamin products. When moving to complementary foods, it is necessary to pay attention to the presence of products such as meat, eggs, fish in the child's menu.

Do not forget to walk in the open air as much as possible during the day. According to the conclusion of the research, to ensure adequate dose of vitamin D, it is necessary to get sunlight every day or at least three times a week with the face and hands open during the day. In this case, if the skin is white, five minutes; if it is wheat, half an hour is enough. Also, gymnastics and massage are recommended to develop and strengthen joints and spine.

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Editorial of Bolalarolami.uz

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